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ISLAM


Introduction to Islam
Islam is a Semitic religion, which has over one billion adherents all over the world. Islam means "submission to the will of God". Muslims accept the Qur’an, as the word of God revealed to His last and final prophet, Muhammad (peace be upon him). Islam states that Allah sent messengers and prophets throughout the ages with the message of Unity of God and accountability in the Hereafter. Islam thus makes it an article of faith to believe in all the earlier prophets, starting with Adam, and continuing with Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, John the Baptist and Jesus amongst many others (may peace be on them all).

CONCEPT OF GOD
The Most Concise Definition of God
Surah Ikhlas - the touchstone of theology
What does Islam say about ‘god-men’?
By what name do we call God?
God does not take human form:
God does not perform ungodly acts:
God only performs Godly acts:
Philosophy Of Anthropomorphism
The Creator prepares the instruction manual
Allah chooses Messengers:
Each attribute of God is unique and possessed by Him alone:
Unity of God
Tawheed
The Most Concise Definition of God
"Say: He is Allah,
The One and Only.
"Allah, the Eternal, Absolute.
"He begets not, nor is He begotten.
And there is none like unto Him."
[Al-Qur’an 112:1-4]

The word ‘Assamad’ is difficult to translate. It means ‘absolute existence’, which can be attributed only to Allah (swt), all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means that Allah (swt) is not dependent on any person or thing, but all persons and things are dependent on Him.

Surah Ikhlas - the touchstone of theology:
Surah Ikhlas (Chapter 112) of the Glorious Qur’an, is the touchstone of theology. ‘Theo’ in Greek means God and ‘logy’ means study. Thus Theology means study of God and to Muslims this four line definition of Almighty God serves as the touchstone of the study of God. Any candidate to divinity must be subjected to this ‘acid test’. Since the attributes of Allah given in this chapter are unique, false gods and pretenders to divinity can be easily dismissed using these verses.

What does Islam say about ‘god-men’?
India is often called the land of ‘god-men’. This is due to the abundance of so-called spiritual masters in India. Many of these ‘babas’ and ‘saints’ have a large following in many countries. Islam abhors deification of any human being. To understand the Islamic stand towards such pretenders to divinity, let us analyze one such ‘god-man’, Osho Rajneesh.

Let us put this candidate, ‘Bhagwan’ Rajneesh, to the test of Surah Ikhlas, the touchstone of theology:
The first criterion is "Say, He is Allah, one and only". Is Rajneesh one and only? No! Rajneesh was one among the multitude of ‘spiritual teachers’ produced by India. Some disciples of Rajneesh might still hold that Rajneesh is one and only.
The second criterion is, ‘Allah is absolute and eternal’. We know from Rajneesh’s biography that he was suffering from diabetes, asthma, and chronic backache. He alleged that the U.S. Government gave him slow poison in prison. Imagine Almighty God being poisoned! Rajneesh was thus, neither absolute nor eternal.
The third criterion is ‘He begets not, nor is He begotten’. We know that Rajneesh was born in Jabalpur in India and had a mother as well as a father who later became his disciples.
In May 1981 he went to U.S.A. and established a town called ‘Rajneeshpuram’. He later fell foul of the West and was finally arrested and asked to leave the country. He came back to India and started a commune in Pune which is now known as the ‘Osho’ commune. He died in 1990. The followers of Osho Rajneesh believe that he is Almighty God. At the ‘Osho commune’ in Pune one can find the following epitaph on his tombstone:
"Osho – never born, never died; only visited the planet Earth between 11th December 1931 to 19th January 1990."
They forget to mention that he was not granted visa for 21 countries of the world. Can a person ever imagine ‘God’ visiting the earth, and requiring a visa to enter a country! The Archbishop of Greece said that if Rajneesh had not been deported, they would have burnt his house and those of his disciples.

4. The fourth test, which is the most stringent is, "There is none like unto Him". The moment you can imagine or compare ‘God’ to anything, then he (the candidate to divinity) is not God. It is not possible to conjure up a mental picture of the One True God. We know that Rajneesh was a human being, having two eyes, two ears, a nose, a mouth and a white flowing beard. Photographs and posters of Rajneesh are available in plenty. The moment you can imagine or draw a mental picture of an entity, then that entity is not God.

Many are tempted to make anthropomorphic comparisons of God. Take for instance, Arnold Schwarzenegger, the famous body builder and Hollywood actor, who won the title of ‘Mr. Universe’, the strongest man in the world. Let us suppose that someone says that Almighty God is a thousand times stronger than Arnold Schwarzenegger. The moment you can compare any entity to God, whether the comparison is to Schwarzenegger or to King Kong, whether it is a thousand times or a million times stronger, it fails the Qur’anic criterion, "There is none like unto Him".
Thus, the ‘acid test’ cannot be passed by anyone except the One True God.
The following verse of the Glorious Qur’an conveys a similar message:

"No vision can grasp Him
But His grasp is over
All vision: He is
Above all comprehension,
Yet is acquainted with all things."
[Al-Qur'an 6:103]

By what name do we call God?
The Muslims prefer calling the Supreme Creator, Allah, instead of by the English word ‘God’. The Arabic word, ‘Allah’, is pure and unique, unlike the English word ‘God’, which can be played around with.

If you add ‘s’ to the word God, it becomes ‘Gods’, that is the plural of God. Allah is one and singular, there is no plural of Allah. If you add ‘dess’ to the word God, it becomes ‘Goddess’ that is a female God. There is nothing like male Allah or female Allah. Allah has no gender. If you add the word ‘father’ to ‘God’ it becomes ‘God-father’. God-father means someone who is a guardian. There is no word like ‘Allah-Abba’ or ‘Allah-father’. If you add the word ‘mother’ to ‘God’, it becomes ‘God-mother’. There is nothing like ‘Allah-Ammi’, or ‘Allah-mother’ in Islam. Allah is a unique word. If you prefix tin before the word God, it becomes tin-God i.e., fake God. Allah is a unique word, which does not conjure up any mental picture nor can it be played around with. Therefore the Muslims prefer using the Arabic word ‘Allah’ for the Almighty. Sometimes, however, while speaking to the non-Muslims we may have to use the inappropriate word God, for Allah. Since the intended audience of this article is general in nature, consisting of both Muslims as well as non-Muslims, I have used the word God instead of Allah in several places in this article.

God does not become a human being:
God does not take human form:
Some may argue that God does not become a human being but only takes a human form. If God only takes a human form but does not become a human being, He should not possess any human qualities. We know that all the ‘God-men’, have human qualities and failings. They have all the human needs such as the need to eat, sleep, etc.

The worship of God in human form is therefore a logical fallacy and should be abhorred in all its forms and manifestations.

That is the reason why the Qur’an speaks against all forms of anthropomorphism. The Glorious Qur’an says in the following verse:

"There is nothing whatever like unto Him." [Al-Qur'an 42:11]

God does not perform ungodly acts:
The attributes of Almighty God preclude any evil since God is the source of justice, mercy and truth. God can never be thought of as doing an ungodly act. Hence we cannot imagine God telling a lie, being unjust, making a mistake, forgetting things, or having any such human failings. Similarly God can do injustice if He chooses to, but He will never do it because being unjust is an ungodly act.


The Qur’an says:

"Allah is never unjust In the least degree." [Al-Qur'an 4:40]

God can be unjust if He chooses to be so, but the moment God does injustice, He ceases to be God.

God does not make mistakes

God can make mistakes if He wants to, but He does not make mistakes because making a mistake is an ungodly act. The Qur’an says:

"…my Lord never errs." [Holy Qur'an 20:52]

The moment God makes a mistake, he ceases to be God.

God does not forget

God can forget if He wants to. But God does not forget anything because forgetting is an ungodly act, which reeks of human limitations and failings. The Qur’an says:

"…my Lord never errs, nor forgets." [Al-Qur’an 20:52]

God only performs Godly acts:

The Islamic concept of God is that God has power over all things. The Qur’an says in several places (Al -Qur’an 2:106; 2:109; 2:284; 3:29; 16:77; and 35:1):

"For verily Allah has power over all things"

Further, the Glorious Qur’an says:

"Allah is the doer of all that He intends." [Al-Qura'n 85:16]

We must keep in mind that Allah intends only Godly acts and not ungodly acts.

PHILOSOPHY OF ANTHROPOMORPHISM
Many religions at some point believe, directly or indirectly, in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. God becoming a human. Their contention is that Almighty God is so pure and holy that He is unaware of the hardships, shortcomings and feelings of human beings. In order to set the rules for human beings, He came down to earth as a human. This deceptive logic has fooled countless millions through the ages. Let us now analyze this argument and see if it stands to reason.

The Creator prepares the instruction manual

Suppose I manufacture a video cassette recorder (VCR). Do I have to become a VCR to know what is good or what is bad for the VCR? What do I do? I write an instruction manual: "In order to watch a video cassette, insert the cassette and press the play button. In order to stop, press the stop button. If you want to fast forward press the FF button. Do not drop it from a height or it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water or it will get spoilt". I write an instruction manual that lists the various do’s and don’ts for the machine.
Holy Qur’an is the instruction manual for the human being:
Similarly, our Lord and Creator Allah (swt) need not take human form to know what is good or bad for the human being. He chooses to reveal the instruction manual. The last and final instruction manual of the human beings is the Glorious Qur’an. The ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’ for the human beings are mentioned in the Qur’an.
If you allow me to compare human beings with machines, I would say humans are more complicated than the most complex machines in the world. Even the most advanced computers, which are extremely complex, are pale in comparison to the myriad physical, psychological, genetic and social factors that affect individual and collective human life.
The more advanced the machine, greater is the need for its instruction manual. By the same logic, don’t human beings require an instruction manual by which to govern their own lives?

Allah chooses Messengers:

Allah (swt) need not come down personally for giving the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver the message and communicates with him at a higher level through the medium of revelations. Such chosen men are called messengers and prophets of God.
Some people are ‘blind’ and ‘deaf’:
Despite the absurdity of the philosophy of anthropomorphism, followers of many religions believe in and preach it to others. Is it not an insult to human intelligence and to the Creator who gave us this intelligence? Such people are truly ‘deaf’ and ‘blind’ despite the faculty of hearing and sight given to them by Allah. The Qur’an says:
"Deaf, dumb, and blind,
They will not return (to the path)." [Al-Qur'an 2:18]

The Bible gives a similar message in the Gospel of Matthew:

"Seeing they see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand." [The Bible, Matthew 13:13]

A similar message is also given in the Hindu Scriptures in the Rigveda.

"There maybe someone who sees the words and yet indeed does not see them; may be another one who hears these words but indeed does not hear them." 1
[Rigveda 10:71:4]

All these scriptures are telling their readers that though the things are made so clear yet many people divert away from the truth.

Attributes of God:

To Allah belong the most beautiful names:
The Qur’an says:

"Say: Call upon Allah, or
Call upon Rahman:
By whatever name you call
Upon Him, (it is well):
For to Him belong
The Most Beautiful Names."
[Al-Qur'an 17:110]
A similar message regarding the beautiful names of Allah (swt) is repeated in the Qur’an in Surah Al-A’raf (7:180), in Surah Taha (20:8) and in Surah Al-Hashr (59:24).

The Qur’an gives no less than ninety-nine different attributes to Almighty Allah. The Qur’an refers to Allah as Ar-Rahman (Most Gracious), Ar-Raheem (Most Merciful) and Al-Hakeem (All Wise) among many other names. You can call Allah by any name but that name should be beautiful and should not conjure up a mental picture.

Each attribute of God is unique and possessed by Him alone:

Not only does God possess unique attributes, but also each attribute of Almighty God is sufficient to identify Him. I shall clarify this point in detail. Let us take an example of a famous personality, say Neil Armstrong. Neil Armstrong is an astronaut. The attribute of being an astronaut possessed by Neil Armstrong is correct but not unique to Neil Armstrong alone. So when one asks, who is an astronaut? The answer is, there are hundreds of people in the world who are astronauts. Neil Armstrong is an American. The attribute of being American possessed by Neil Armstrong is correct but not sufficient to identify him. So when one asks, who is an American? The answer is, there are millions of people who are American. To identify the person uniquely we must look for a unique attribute possessed by none except that person. For example, Neil Armstrong was the first human to set foot on the moon. So when one asks, who was the first man to set foot on the moon, the answer is only one, i.e. Neil Armstrong. Similarly the attribute of Almighty God should be unique. If I say God is the constructor of buildings, it is possible and true, but it is not unique. Thousands of people can construct a building. But each attribute of Allah is unique and points to none but Allah. For example, God is the creator of the universe. If someone asks who is the creator of the universe, the answer is only one, i.e. Almighty God is the Ultimate Creator. Similarly, following are some of the many unique attributes possessed by none other than the Creator of the universe, Almighty Allah:
"Ar-Raheem", the Most Merciful
"Ar-Rahman", the Most Gracious
"Al-Hakeem", the Most Wise
So when one asks, "Who is ‘Ar-Raheem’, (the Most Merciful)?", there can only be one answer: "Almighty Allah".

One attribute of God should not contradict with other attributes:

Besides the attribute being unique, it should not contradict other attributes. To continue with the earlier example, suppose somebody says that Neil Armstrong is an American astronaut who was the first human to set foot on the moon and was an Indian. The attribute possessed by Neil Armstrong of being the first man to set foot on the moon, is correct. But its associated quality of being an Indian, is false. Similarly if someone says that God is the Creator of the Universe and has one head, two hands, two feet, etc., the attribute (Creator of the Universe) is correct but the associated quality (in the form of human being) is wrong and false.

All attributes should point to the one and same God:

Since there is only one God, all the attributes should point to one and the same God. To say that Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut who first set foot on the moon, but he was born in 1971 is wrong. Both these unique qualities belong to one and the same person, i.e. Neil Armstrong. Similarly to say that the Creator of the universe is one God and the Cherisher is another God is absurd because God possesses all these attributes combined together.

Unity of God
Some polytheists argue by saying that the existence of more than one God is not illogical. Let us point out to them that if there were more than one God, they would dispute with one another, each god trying to fulfill his will against the will of the other gods. This can be seen in the mythology of the polytheistic and pantheistic religions. If a ‘God’ is defeated or unable to defeat the others, he is surely not the one true God. Also popular among polytheistic religions is the idea of many Gods, each having different responsibilities. Each one would be responsible for a part of man’s existence e.g. a Sun-God, a Rain-God, etc. This indicates that one ‘God’ is incompetent of certain acts and moreover he is also ignorant of the other Gods’ powers, duties, functions and responsibilities. There cannot be an ignorant and incapable God. If there were more than one God it would surely lead to confusion, disorder, chaos and destruction in the universe. But the universe is in complete harmony. The Glorious Qur’an says:
"If there were, in the heavens
And the earth, other gods
Besides Allah, there would
Have been confusion in both!
But glory to Allah,
The Lord of the Throne:
(High is He) above
What they attribute to Him!"
[Al-Qur’an 21:22]

If there were more than one God, they would have taken away what they created. The Qur’an says:

"No son did Allah beget,
Nor is there any god
Along with Him: (if there were
Many gods), behold, each god
Would have taken away
What he had created,
And some would have
Lorded it over others!
Glory to Allah! (He is free)
From the (sort of) things
They attribute to Him!"
[Al-Qur’an 23:91]

Thus the existence of one True, Unique, Supreme, Almighty God, is the only logical concept of God.

TAWHEED
Definition and Categories:

Islam believes in ‘Tawheed’ which is not merely monotheism i.e. belief in one God, but much more. Tawheed literally means ‘unification’ i.e. ‘asserting oneness’ and is derived from the Arabic verb ‘Wahhada’ which means to unite, unify or consolidate.

Tawheed can be divided into three categories.

1. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah
2. Tawheed al-Asmaa-was-Sifaat
3. Tawheed al-Ibaadah.
A. Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah (maintaining the unity of Lordship)
The first category is ‘Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah’. ‘Ruboobeeyah’ is derived from the root verb "Rabb" meaning Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher.
Therefore ‘Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah’ means maintaining the unity of Lordship. This category is based on the fundamental concept that Allah (swt) alone caused all things to exist when there was nothing. He created or originated all that exists out of nothing. He alone is the sole Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer of the complete universe and all between it, without any need from it or for it.

B. Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (maintaining the unity of Allah’s name and attributes):

The second category is ‘Tawheed al Asmaa was Sifaat’ which means maintaining the unity of Allah’s name and attributes. This category is divided into five aspects:

(i) Allah should be referred to as described by Him and His Prophet
Allah must be referred to according to the manner in which He and His prophet have described Him without explaining His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.

(ii) Allah must be referred to as He has referred to Himself
Allah must be referred to without giving Him any new names or attributes. For example Allah may not be given the name Al-Ghaadib (the Angry One), despite the fact that He has said that He gets angry, because neither Allah nor His messenger have used this name.

(iii) Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation

In a reference to God, we should strictly abstain from giving Him the attributes of those whom He has created. For instance in the Bible, God is portrayed as repenting for His bad thoughts in the same way as humans do when they realise their errors. This is completely against the principle of Tawheed. God does not commit any mistakes or errors and therefore never needs to repent.

The key principle when dealing with Allah’s attributes is given in the Qur’an in Surah Ash-Shura:

"There is nothing
Whatever like unto Him,
And He is the One
That hears and sees (all things)."
[Al-Qur’an 42:11]
Hearing and seeing are human faculties. However, when attributed to the Divine Being they are without comparison, in their perfection, unlike when associated with humans who require ears, eyes, etc. and who are limited in their sight and hearing in terms of space, time, capacity, etc.

(iv) God’s creation should not be given any of His attributes
To refer to a human with the attribute of God is also against the principle of Tawheed. For example, referring to a person as one who has no beginning or end (eternal).

(v) Allah’s name cannot be given to His creatures
Some Divine names in the indefinite form, like ‘Raoof’ or ‘Raheem’ are permissible names for men as Allah has used them for Prophets; but ‘Ar-Raoof’ (the Most Pious) and Ar-Raheem (the most Merciful) can only be used if prefixed by ‘Abd’ meaning ‘slave of’ or ‘servant of’ i.e. ’Abdur-Raoof’ or ‘Abdur-Raheem’. Similarly ‘Abdur-Rasool’ (slave of the Messenger) or ‘Abdun-Nabee’ (slave of the Prophet) are forbidden.

C. Tawheed al-Ibaadah (maintaining the unity of worship):

(i) Definition and meaning of ‘Ibadaah’:
‘Tawheed al-Ibaadah’ means maintaining the unity of worship or ‘Ibaadah’. Ibaadah is derived from Arabic word ‘Abd’ meaning slave or servant. Thus Ibaadah means servitude and worship.

(ii) All three categories to be followed simultaneously.
Only believing in the first two categories of Tawheed without implementing Tawheed-al-Ibaadah is useless. The Qur’an gives the examples of ‘Mushrikeens’ (idolaters) of the Prophet’s time who confirmed the first two aspects of Tawheed. It is mentioned in the Qur’an:

"Say: ‘Who is it that
Sustains you (in life)
From the sky and from the earth?
Or who is it that
Has power over hearing
And sight? And who
Is it that brings out
The living from the dead
And the dead from the living?
And who is it that
Rules and regulates all affairs?’
They will soon say, ‘Allah’.
Say, ‘Will you not then
Show piety (to Him)?’ "
[Al-Qur’an 10:31]

A similar example is repeated in Surah Zukhruf of the Glorious Qur’an:

"If thou ask them, Who
Created them, they will
Certainly say, ‘Allah’: how
Then are they deluded
Away (from the Truth)?"
[Al-Qur’an 43:87]
The pagan Meccans knew that Allah (swt) was their Creator, Sustainer, Lord and Master. Yet they were not Muslims because they also worshipped other gods besides Allah. Allah (swt) categorised them as ‘Kuffaar’ (disbelievers) and ‘Mushrikeen’ (idol worshippers and those who associate partners with God).
"And most of them
Believe not in Allah
Without associating (others
As partners) with Him!"
[Al-Qur’an 12:106]
Thus ‘Tawheed al-Ibaadah’ i.e. maintaining the unity of worship is the most important aspect of Tawheed. Allah (swt) alone deserves worship and He alone can grant benefit to man for his worship.

SHIRK

A. Definition:The omission of any of the above mentioned categories of tawheed or deficiency in the fulfillment of any criteria of Tawheed is referred to as 'shirk'.(Please note that the Arabic word 'Shirk' has the same sound as in the English word 'ship' and not as in the English word 'shirk',which means 'to evade'

‘Shirk’ literally means sharing or associating partners. In Islamic terms it means associating partners with Allah and is equivalent to idolatry.
B. Shirk is the greatest sin that Allah will never forgive:

The Qur’an describes the greatest sin in Surah Al-Nisa’:

"Allah forgives not
That partners should be set up
With Him; but He forgives
Anything else, to whom
He pleases; to set up
Partners with Allah
Is to devise a sin
Most heinous indeed."
[Al-Qur’an 4:48]

The same message is repeated in Surah Al-Nisa’:

"Allah forgives not
(The sin of) joining other gods
With Him; but He forgives
Whom He pleases other sins
Than this: one who joins
Other gods with Allah,
Has strayed far, far away
(From the Right)."
[Al-Qur’an 4:116]

C. Shirk leads to hell fire:

The Qur’an says in Surah Ma’idah:

"They do blaspheme who say:
‘Allah is Christ the son
Of Mary.’ But said Christ:
‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord
And your Lord’. Whoever joins other gods with Allah –
Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire
Will be his abode. There will for the wrongdoers
Be no one to help."
[Al-Qur’an 5:72]

D. Worship and Obedience to none but Allah:

The Qur’an mentions in Surah Ali-’Imran:

Say: "O people of the Book!
Come To common terms
As between us and you:
That we worship none but Allah;
That we associate no partners with Him;
That we erect not, from among ourselves,
Lords and patrons other than Allah."
If then they turn back,
Say ye: "Bear witness that we (at least)
Are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will)."
[Al-Qur’an 3:64]

The Glorious Qur’an says:

"And if all the trees on earth were pens
And the Ocean (were ink), with seven Oceans behind it
To add to its (supply), yet would not the Words
Of Allah be exhausted (In the writing): for Allah
Is Exalted in power, Full of Wisdom."
[Al-Qur’an 31:27]
Our analysis of Concept of God in various Religion shows that monotheism is an integral part of every major religion of the world. However, it is unfortunate that some adherents of these religions violate the teachings of their own scriptures and have set up partners to Almighty God.

An analysis of the scriptures of various religions, reveals that all scriptures exhort mankind to believe in, and submit to One God. All these scriptures condemn the association of partners to God, or the worship of God in the form of images. The Glorious Qur’an says:
"O men! Here is
A parable set forth!
Listen to it! Those
On whom, besides Allah,
You call, cannot create
(Even) a fly, if they all
Met together for the purpose!
And if the fly should snatch
Away anything from them,
They would have no power
To release it from the fly.
Feeble are those who petition
And those whom they petition!"
[Al-Qur’an 22:73]
The basis of religion is the acceptance of Divine guidance. A rejection of this guidance has serious implications for society. While we have made great strides in science and technology, true peace still eludes us. All ‘isms’ have failed to provide the much vaunted deliverance.

The scriptures of all major religions exhort mankind to follow that which is good and eschew that which is evil. All scriptures remind mankind that good will not go unrewarded and evil will not go unpunished!

The question we need to address is, which of these scriptures provides us with the correct ‘instruction manual’ that we need to regulate our individual and collective lives?

I hope and pray that Allah guides all of us towards the Truth (Aameen).


MATERIAL TO BE REFERRED FOR KNOWLEDGE OF ISLAM


Sr.No : 1
Name of the package : Al-Qur'ân Al-Karim
VERSION : 7.0
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic
DESCRIPTION : Display of the entire Qur'ânic text in Ottoman calligraphy with vowelization marks andrecitation of the Qur'ânic text by two famous reciters with the ability to shift from one reciter to the other at any time. Information features related to the text such as: explanation of difficult terms; showing the occasion of revelation; and Tafsir (Interpretation) of the Holy Qur'an by Al-Qurtubi, Al-Tabari, Ibn Kathir and Al-Jalalain, enabling the user to compare the various interpretations of the same verse. In addition to Arabic, the programme is available in English, Malay, Turkish, French and German. You can copy and print text in any of these languages. Animated display of the points, qualities and manners of articulation, along with practical explanation of the rules of recitation. Extensive search facilities. Thematic search including fourteen main topics. Each main topic is divided into other sub-topics at six levels. Effective aid for memorizing the Qur'anic verses. The programme enables the user to listen to verse in his own voice and compare his recording to the recitation.


PRODUCER : Sakhr Software , P. O. Box 5189, Heliopolis, West Cairo 117711, Egypt. Tel: (202) 2494170 Fax:2485542 e-mail: heritage@ritsec1.com.eg
Sr.No : 2
Name of the package : The Glorious Qur'an
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : Arabic / English / French / German / Spanish / Malay / Indonesian
DESCRIPTION : It includes recitations of the entire Qur'an by Shaikh Mohammed Ayoub, Sheikh Khalil Husri, Sheikh Mohammed Siddiq Minshawi, Sheikh Ali bin Abdur Rahman Al-Hudaifi, and also other recitations, Surah information, English translation of the Holy Qur'an by Yusuf Ali, Pickthall, Daryabadi, Shakir, Muhsin Khan, Foreign Language translation of the Qur'an i.e. French, German, Spanish, Malay, Indonesian, transliteration, handwritten Qur'an scripts some of which are hundreds of years old, articles on the Qur'an.

PRODUCER: Par Excellence Software Post Box 42671, 38-7th Avenue, Fordsburg 2033, 2092 Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa. Tel: 27-11-8300097 Fax:8300947 www.parexcellence.co.za

Sr.No : 3
Name of the package : Al-Qur'an Al-Karim
VERSION : 4.2
FORMAT : CD-Rom

LANGUAGE : English / Arabic / Malay / Indonesian / Turkish / Chinese / Urdu
DESCRIPTION : Yusuf Ali's translation, Pickthall translation, Qur'an pronounciation, view a phonetic pronounciation guide, easily print Arabic script or English text Surah of Ayahs, audio recitation, learn the proper Qur'anic pronounciation by recording voice, Islamic terms and dictionary, Malaysian, Indonesian, Turkish, Chinese and Urdu translations and Arabic Tafseer.

PRODUCER : Micro Systems International Al-Madinah Ta'la Road, P.O. Box 13140, Jeddah 21493, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: (02) 6515989 / 6533421 Fax: 6323640

Sr.No : 4
Name of the package : The Holy Qur'an
VERSION : 1.5
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic
DESCRIPTION : It contains the Holy Qur'an, word or words search facilities, statistics about of the Qur'an, display Qur'an, text recitation of the Qur'an and thematic search facility.

PRODUCER : SILICON Electronics Corp. P.O. Box 7917 (S.A.A.F.) Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Tel: 9716-572048 Fax:572062

Sr.No : 5
Name of the package : Al-Furqan - Towards a Complete Encyclopedia for Qur'an
VERSION : 1
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic / French / Malay / Indonesian
DESCRIPTION : Featrures : True image of the book with sound of Sheikh Al-Hossary, three translation of tafseer in English, French and Indonesian languages, five Arabic tafseer (meaning of the Qur'an), new memorisation techniques for verse and page, recitation of verse surah, hezb part whole the whole about Qur'an, the names of Allah and the tree of prophets in four languages, powerful search engine for letters, words, sound file copying capabilites, more than 16 background to select from, the menu system and many more.

PRODUCER : Khalifa Computer Group (KCG) 162 Malik Faisal Street, P. O. Box 339 Imbata, Al-Ramaz Al-Buredi 12411, Al-Jiza, Egypt. Tel+fax: 202-3829604 / 3837794
Sr.No : 6
Name of the package : Holy Qur'an
VERSION : 2.1
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / French / Malaya / German / Persian / Spanish / Turkish
DESCRIPTION : Holy Qur'an in the Osmani Moshaf style with 30 hours recitation by sheik Mahmoud Sadiq Al-Menshawi in six language translation.
PRODUCER : HCI Masters (M) Sdn. Bhd. 115A, Jalan Gasing, 46000 Petaling Jaya, Selangore, Malaysia, Tele : 03-7549970 Fax : 03-7549980 e-mail : kifah@pc.jaring.my
Sr.No : 7
Name of the package : Softrade Qur'an CD
VERSION : 2.1
FORMAT : One CD-Rom + One Diskette
LANGUAGE : English / Malaya
DESCRIPTION : The Qur'anic text in Rasm Uthmani, Arranged according to Mushaf Syarif Madinah. Translation of the Qur'an in English (Allama Abdullah Yusuf Ali) and Malay (Tafsir Pimpinan-Ar-Rahman). Complete controll over navigations. Searching facilities.
PRODUCER : Software Trading No. 46, Jalan Empangan, 8/14, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malayasia Tel : (603) 5521586

Sr.No : 8
Name of the package : Hoda - The Holy Qur'an – Treasury
VERSION : 2.0
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English
DESCRIPTION : Dictionary of words and subjects of Holy Qur'an containing 2000 subjects and words, complete recitation and presenting Holy Qur'an narrations alongwith sound picture.
PRODUCER : Tolou Computer Company P. O. Box 61006, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Sr.No : 9
Name of the package : Al-Qur'an Al-Karim - (Holy Qur'an) - A multimedia presentation of Islam's Holy Book
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : Arabic / English / French / German / Persian / Spanish / Turkish
DESCRIPTION : Entire Holy Qur'an in the Osmani Moshaf style with 30 hours recitation by Mahmoud Sadiq A-Menshawi;Has translation in six languagess.

PRODUCER : Pajohesh

Sr.No : 10
Name of the package : Qur'an Base
FORMAT : 1.44 X 2 Diskette
LANGUAGE : English
DESCRIPTION : Contents : Translation of the Holy Qur'an, as it was, as it is, some information about Muslims, introductory material on Islam, tne Qur'anic commentaries and selections.
PRODUCER : Sound Vision 843 W. Van Buren, Suite 411, Chicago, IL 60607, USA Tel : (312) 2260205

Sr.No : 11
Name of the package : Tafseer Base
FORMAT : 1.44 x 3 Diskette
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic
DESCRIPTION : Contents : Search functions, a statistics system that presents the number of the Qur'anic letters, words, verses. Surahs are included and presented graphics charts, according to the Qur'anic revelations, the order of revelation or the length of the Surah's.
PRODUCER : Sound Vision 843 W. Van Buren, Suite 411, Chicago, IL 60607, USA Tel : (312) 2260205

Sr.No : 12
Name of the package : Al-Qur'an Data Base
FORMAT : Diskette
Sr.No : 13
Name of the package : The Alim
VERSION : 4.5
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English
DESCRIPTION : The Alim – a unique and exciting way to study Islam. Look up information from the Qur'an, Hadith, Islamic Law (Fiqh), Islamic History, biographies of the companions of the prophet, dictionary of Islamic terms and general information about Muslims and Islam. Search through volumes of authentic books on Islam in seconds. Learn from the Qur'an. Browse through the different English translations from A. Yusuf Ali to M. Pickthall. Search from the brief synopsis, overview of the history of the Surahs by Maududi or learn to recite in Arabic using a Roman transliteration of the Qur'an. It includes complete audio recitation with proper tajweed by a reknowned Qari.
PRODUCER : ISL Software Corp. 3037 Featherwood St.Silver Spring, MD 20904 6645, U.S.A. Tel: 800-4433636 e-mail: sales@islsoftware.com www.islsoftware.com

Sr.No : 14
Name of the package : The Islamic Scholar
VERSION : 2
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English
DESCRIPTION : An information packed, it combines three leading Qur'an translations, together with Hadith, History of Prophets, Islamic history, Muslim contribution to the world and more in a simple intuitive, easy to use Windows compatible interface.
PRODUCER : Par Excellence Software Post Box 42671, Fordsburg 2033, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa.

Sr.No : 15
Name of the package : The Islamic Library
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic

DESCRIPTION : It includes Noble Qur'an, Summarized Sahih Al-Bukhari, Taqwiyat Ul-Iman, Ar-Raheeq Al-Mukhtum, Bulugh Al-Maram and the Pillars of Islam & Iman in an easy to use programme to facilitate the use of these references. With free text search and cross referencing between Arabic and English text.

PRODUCER : Ariss Computer Inc. Beirut - Lebanaon. Tel: 01-740848 Fax: 01-740862 AraSoft Riyadh,Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel+Fax: 4615461

Sr.No : 16
Name of the package : E - Ustad
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic
DESCRIPTION : It includes Qur'an Multimedia with English Meaning, search and recitation by Sheik Mahmood Khalil Al-Husari, 9500 Hadith from five famous books of hadith in English like Sahih Bukhari (9 volumes), Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawoud, Al-Muwatta, Mishkat Al Masibih, Colossal reference, Seera, biography accounts of the life of the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) has been an essential part of islamic intellectual endeavor.

PRODUCER : HCI Masters (M) Sdn. Bhd. 115A, Jalan Gasing, 46000 Petaling Jaya, Selangaor, Malayasia Tel : 03-7549970 Fax : 03-7549980 e-mail : kifah@pc.jaring.my www.jaring.my/hci
Sr.No : 17
Name of the package : Qala Rasool Allah - Al-Bayan
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic / Malay

DESCRIPTION : This programme handles more than 1700 Hadiths agreed upon by the two Imams, Bukhari and Muslim, it provides complete indexing, friendly interface and back tracking through the programme is available, with all its features in Arabic, English and Malaya.
PRODUCER : Sakhr Software P. O. Box 5189, Heliopolis, West Cairo 117711, Egypt Tel : (202) 2494170 Fax : 2485542 e-mail : heritage@ritsec1.com.eg
Sr.No : 18
Name of the package : Explanation of the Forty Hadith Al-Nawawi
VERSION : 1
FORMAT : CD-Rom
LANGUAGE : English / Arabic
DESCRIPTION : As a contribution for Imam Al-Nawawi's efforts in collecting the most important Forty Hadith (saying of the prophet). It contains the text and sound of all forty hadith explanations, lessons taught, new techniques for memorization and four Islamic games to enhance the understanding and benefits of the prophet's message.
PRODUCER : Khalifa Computer Group (KCG) 162 Malik Faisal Street, P. O. Box 339 Imbata, Al-Ramaz Al-Buredi 12411, Al-Jiza, Egypt. Tel+fax: 202-3829604 / 3837794

Sr.No : 19
Name of the package : Hadith Base
FORMAT : 1.44 x 10 Diskettes
LANGUAGE : English

DESCRIPTION : Contents: Hadith and its place in Islam, importance of Sunnah in Islam, Imam Al-Bukhari, Sahih Al-Bukhari, the English translation of Al-Bukhari, some useful information about Hadith.
PRODUCER : Sound Vision 843 W. Van Buren, Suite 411, Chicago, IL 60607, USA Tel: (312) 2260205



ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE GLORIOUS QUR'AN


SR.NO : 1
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE HOLY QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Abdullah Yusuf Ali
PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Amana Corporation, 4411 41st Street, Brentwood, Maryland 20722 U.S.A.
EDITION & YEAR : New Revised Edition - 1989

SR.NO : 2
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Saheeh International
PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Abul - Qasim Publication House P.O. Box 6156 Jeddah 21442 Saudi Arabia This book has been produced in collaboration with Saheeh International;
EDITION & YEAR : New Revised Edition - 1997

SR.NO : 3
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE NOBLE QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammed Muhsin Khan

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Maktaba Dar-us-Salam P. O. Box 21441 Riyadh 11475 Saudi Arabia or King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Qur'an

EDITION & YEAR : Fourth Revised and Enlarged Edition - 1994

SR.NO : 4
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE MESSAGE OF THE QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1

TRANSLATOR : Muhammad Asad

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Dar Al-Andalus – Gibraltar, Distributors: E. J. Brill, Publishers and Book - Sellers, 41, Museum Street London - WCIAILX

EDITION & YEAR : 1980

SR.NO : 5
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : TAFSIR-UL-QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 4

TRANSLATOR : Maulana Abdul Majid Daryabadi

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Darul Ishat, Urdu Bazar, Karachi 1, Pakistan

EDITION & YEAR : First Edition 1991

SR.NO : 6a
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : HOLY QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1

TRANSLATOR : Mohammed Marmaduke Pickthall

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Ta-Ha Publishers Ltd. 1 Wynne Road, London SW9 0BB

EDITION & YEAR : First Edition 1991

SR.NO : 6b
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE MEANING OF THE GLORIOUS QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 1

TRANSLATOR : Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall – Revised and edited in Modern Standard English by Arafat K. El-Ashi, Ph.D.

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Amana Publications Beltsville, Maryland, U.S.A.

EDITION & YEAR : First Edition 1996

SR.NO : 7a
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : THE MEANING OF THE QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 6
TRANSLATOR : S. Abul a'la Maududi English Translation by Muhammad Akbar (I-III) and Abdul Aziz Kamal (IV - VI)

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Islamic Publication (Pvt.) Ltd., 13-E Shahalam Market, Lahore, Pakistan

EDITION & YEAR : 12th Edition 1992

SR.NO : 7b
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING THE QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 6 incomp.
TRANSLATOR : S. Abul a'la Maududi English Translation by Zafar Ishaq Ansari

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Islamic Foundation, Markfield Da'wah Centre, Ratby Lane, Markfield Leicestershire, LE670RN- UK

EDITION & YEAR : 1995

SR.NO : 8
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : DAWATUL QUR'AN
NO. OF VOLS : 3
TRANSLATOR : Shams Pirzada English Translation by Abdul Karim Sheikh

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Idara Dawatul Quran, 59, Muhammad Ali Road, Mumbai, India

EDITION & YEAR : 3rd Edition 1996

SR.NO : 9
NAME OF THE QUR'AN : TAFSEER IBN KATHIR
NO. OF VOLS : 10
TRANSLATOR : Revised by Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri and other Scholars.

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Darussalam, P.O. Box 22743, Riyadh 11416, KSA
N.B. : Since translation of the Qur'an is the work of a human being, each and every translation has mistakes. However, the above translations have been mentioned, taking into consideration their positive points and not their mistakes and errors.



BOOKS ON LIFE OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH)


SR.NO : 1
NAME OF THE BOOK : Muhammad: Encyclopaedia of Seerah
NO. OF VOLS : 8
TRANSLATOR : Afzalur-Rahman

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS :The Muslim Schools Trust 78, Gillespie Road London N5 ILN, U.K.

EDITION & YEAR : 1st Edition 1981

SR.NO : 2
NAME OF THE BOOK : The Life of Muhammad
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Tahia Al-Ismail

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Ta-Ha Publishers Ltd. 1, Wynne Road, London, SW9 OBD, U.K.

EDITION & YEAR : 1995

SR.NO : 3
NAME OF THE BOOK : Muhammad: His Life Based on Earliest Sources
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Martin Lings

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Inner Traditions International Ltd. One park Street, Rochester, Vermont – 05767

EDITION & YEAR : 1983

SR.NO : 4
NAME OF THE BOOK : Ar - Raheeq Al-Makhtum The Sealed Nector – Biography of the Noble Prophet
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Safi-ur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri
PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Maktaba Darus-Salam Publication P.O. Box 22743 Riyadh - 11416 Saudi Arabia.

EDITION & YEAR : 1996

SR.NO : 5
NAME OF THE BOOK : The Life of Muhammad
NO. OF VOLS : 1
TRANSLATOR : Muhammad Husain Haykal

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Shorouk International 316/318 Regent Street, Morley House, WI London U.K.

EDITION & YEAR : 1983


ENCYCLOPEDIA ON ISLAM

SR.NO : 1
NAME : The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World
NO. OF VOLS : 4
EDITOR : John L. Esposito

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford, U.S.A.

EDITION & YEAR : 1995

SR.NO : 2a
NAME : Encyclopedia on Islam
NO. OF VOLS : 8
EDITOR : H. A. R. Gibb

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : E. J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands

EDITION & YEAR : 1991

SR.NO : 2b
NAME : Shorter Encyclopedia of Islam
NO. OF VOLS : 1
EDITOR : H. A. R. Gibb and J. H. Kramers

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : E. J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands

EDITION & YEAR : 1995

SR.NO : 3
NAME : The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam
NO. OF VOLS : 1
EDITOR : Cyril Glasse

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Stacey International, London, U.K.

EDITION & YEAR : 1989

SR.NO : 4
NAME : Dictionary of Islam
NO. OF VOLS : 1
EDITOR : Thomas Patrick Hughes

PUBLISHER'S NAME AND ADDRESS : Rupa & Co. 15, Bankim Chatterjee Street, Calcutta 3831, Pataudi House Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi – 110002

EDITION & YEAR : 1988
Unfortunately there are no comprehensive Encyclopedias on Islam which have been completely written and edited by Muslims. Thus we may have to refer to the above mentioned encyclopedias even though many a times Islam has been misrepresented in them.